Zoysia is a perennial, warm-season, turf-type grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons. It is a dense, soft and attractive home turfgrass option that is ideal for warmer climates. Once it has established and has been properly maintained, zoysia grass can be both drought- and heat-resistant, while also capable of standing up to heavy foot traffic. Below are tips on how to maintain Zoysia grass.
Nara grass is a new variety of Zoysia grass that has been bred in Australia. It is quite a low maintenance type of grass. Nara turf can stay green and survive under drought and heat. Also, even if it is not mowed for a long time, it can still manage not to get out of control. On the other hand, it can be kept at a higher standard if given greater maintenance, regular mowing, a little more fertilizer and a sufficient amount of watering. Bearing these factors in mind, Nara is a low care turf with low invasive and aggressive properties. It is able to survive neglect and abuse and can be the ideal choice for homeowners with little time to look after their lawn.
The basic maintenance steps for Zoysia grass depends on rainfall, soil fertility, whether it is in a shadier area or exposed to sunlight, and whether it is grown north or south. With excellent soil fertility, high rainfall and laid in a southern area, the grass will experience more than average growth. If this is the case, it will have to be mowed more often. If laid in a northern area with average rainfall and cooler temperatures, it will not be mowed often.
A homeowner should begin mowing when the Zoysia grass grows to about 1/3 of an inch taller than the recommended height of up to 2 inches. Mowing together with its dense pattern of growth prevents weed infestation. Increasing the mowing height during the summer reduces grass stress. Also, as thatch accumulates, it should be removed on a regular basis. Excessive thatch can prevent the sun, fertilizer and water from reaching the soil. Thatch should be removed in early spring before the grass starts turning green again. This can be done by mowing with a bagger or raking once dethatching is complete.
Zoysia turf should be maintained by regular feeding. As is the case with any turfgrass, an annual fertilizing schedule is necessary for an attractive, healthy lawn. During late winter, lime and crabgrass preventer can be applied, but lime only if required. Between mid and late spring, weeding and feeding should be done, and also some insect control if needed. Lawn fertilizer can be applied in late summer, and insect control too if needed. During the fall, crabgrass preventer and winterizer can be applied.
Moles, nematodes, crickets, billbugs and grubs are the most problematic pests for Zoysia grass. The best way to control nematodes is by pre-fumigating soils that contain them. Billbugs and scrubs are soil-borne insects that are capable of causing serious damage. Treatment for billbugs carried out during early spring should be done as soon as the first adults are seen.